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Nordic Aquafarms
Belfast Water District Information Resources:

Evaluation Agreement (between the Belfast Water District, the City of Belfast, and Nordic Aquafarms)

Maine Public Utilities Commission Order Regarding the Belfast Water District

Options and Purchase Agreement (between the Belfast Water District, the City of Belfast, and Nordic Aquafarms)

Public Statement Regarding Sale of Land and Water to Nordic Aquafarms (10/26/2018)

Water Capacity Evaluation for the Belfast Water District

Water Supply and Purchase Agreement (between the Belfast Water District and Nordic Aquafarms)


Nordic Aquafarms Information Resources:


Animation of Concept for Proposed Facility (6/25/2018)

Animation of Proposed Facility (6/12/2018)

Column by Lawrence Reichard ("Two Hours with Bent Urup;" 10/26/2018 The Republican Journal) and Response from Nordic Aquafarms

Company Website (US news section)

E-mail Correspondence with Further Questions and Answers (2/6-7/2018)

Newsletter (11/2018)

Newsletter (10/2018)

Newsletter (9/2018)

Newsletter (8/2018)

Newsletter (6/2018)

Newsletter (5/2018)

Newsletter (4/2018)

Newsletter (3/2018)

Presentation (5/5/2018)

Presentation (2/21/2018)

Presentation to World Affairs Council of Maine (videos disabled) (6/6/2019)

Questions and Answers (3/8/2019)

Questions and Answers (4/30/2018)

Questions and Answers (1/30/2018)

Responses from Nordic Aquafarms to Various Letters to the Editor from The Republican Journal (3/17/2019)

Sierra Club of Maine Vote and Response from Nordic Aquafarms (3/23/2019 and 3/27/2019)

Summary of Hydrogeological Field Investigation and Numerical Groundwater Model (5/9/2018)

Veterinary Evaluation of Maximus (facility in Denmark owned and operated by Nordic Aqaufarms) (10/18/2018)

Video of Fourth Public Information Meeting (11/28/2018 Belfast Community Media)

Video of Third Public Informational Meeting (6/12/2018 Belfast Community Media)

Video of Second Public Informational Meeting (5/9/2018 Belfast Community Media)

Video of First Public Informational Meeting (2/21/2018 Belfast Community Media)


Other Information Resources:

"Comments on Nordic Aquafarms planned land-based facility for salmon in City of Belfast, ME" (6/29/2018 Deloitte)

"Land-based Salmon and other Fish: Opportunities and Challenges" (part 1 of 8) (1/2019 Senior College at Belfast) 

"Land-based Salmon and other Fish: Opportunities and Challenges" (part 2 of 8) (1/2019 Senior College at Belfast)

"Land-based Salmon and other Fish: Opportunities and Challenges" (part 3 of 8) (1/2019 Senior College at Belfast)

"Land-based Salmon and other Fish: Opportunities and Challenges" (part 4 of 8) (1/2019 Senior College at Belfast)

"Land-based Salmon and other Fish: Opportunities and Challenges" (part 5 of 8) (1/2019 Senior College at Belfast)

"Land-based Salmon and other Fish: Opportunities and Challenges" (part 6 of 8) (1/2019 Senior College at Belfast)

"Land-based Salmon and other Fish: Opportunities and Challenges" (part 7 of 8) (1/2019 Senior College at Belfast)

"Land-based Salmon and other Fish: Opportunities and Challenges" (part 8 of 8) (1/2019 Senior College at Belfast)

Property Ownership Map (line and crosshatch version)

Property Ownership Map (satellite and crosshatch version)

Property Ownership Map (satellite and line version)

"Reasons for Land-based Closed-containment" (Atlantic Salmon Federation)

"Rethinking aquaculture to boost resource and production efficiency" (2014 Rethink Water)

Video of a Tour of the University of Maine's Center for Cooperative Aquaculture Research (5/11/2018 Belfast Community Media)


Maine Department of Environmental Protection Permit Processes:

Fact Sheet for 3/26/2019 Public Information Meeting

News Release Regarding Creation of Fact Sheet for 3/26/2019 Public Information Meeting (3/26/2019 Nordic Aquafarms)

News Release Regarding 3/26/2019 Public Information Meeting (3/18/2019 Nordic Aquafarms)

Slide Presentation for 3/26/2019 Public Information Meeting (multiple permits addressed - Air Emissions, Maine Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, Natural Resource Protection Act, and Site Location of Development Act)

Video of 3/26/2019 Public Information Meeting (multiple permits addressed - Air Emissions, Maine Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, Natural Resource Protection Act, and Site Location of Development Act)

Maine Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit-Specific:

Atlantic Salmon Federation Letter in Support of Permit Application (11/13/2018)

Conservation Law Foundation Letter in Support of Permit Application (11/15/2018)

Gulf of Maine Research Institute Letter in Support of Permit Application (10/12/2018) 

News Release Regarding 12/17/2018 Voluntary Supplemental Public Information Meeting (12/11/2018 Nordic Aquafarms)

Permit Application (10/19/2018)

Slide Presentation for 10/4/2018 Public Information Meeting

Permit Application Background and Key Facts (corrected) (10/9/2018)

Notice of Intent to File Permit Application (9/21/2018)

Notice of 12/17/2018 Voluntary Supplemental Public Informational Meeting

Video of 10/4/2018 Public Information Meeting (10/5/2018 Belfast Community Media)


Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation, and Forestry Submerged Lands Permit Process:

Nordic Aquafarms Permit Application Notice (corrected) (10/22/2018)

Nordic Aquafarms Permit Application Notice (10/9/2018)

Nordic Aquafarms Permit Application (received 9/26/2018)

Nordic Aquafarms Response to Bureau of Parks and Lands (5/16/2019)

Upstream Watch and Maine Lobstering Union Second Comment to Bureau of Parks and Lands (5/1/2019)

Upstream Watch and Maine Lobstering Union Letter to Belfast City Council (5/7/2019)

Upstream Watch and Maine Lobstering Union Additional Evidence to Bureau of Parks and Lands (5/13/2019)


City of Belfast Planning Board Process:

Nordic Aquafarms Permit Applications


City of Belfast Zoning Process:

Introduction of Ordinance Amendments (3/6/2018)

Overview of City of Belfast Rezoning Process for Nordic Aquafarms (3/1/2018)

10/16/2018 Council Action: 

City Council Action - Second Reading of Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Route One South Business Park Zoning District

City Council Adopted Motions - Route One South Business Park District Amendments - Consistency with Comprehensive Plan

10/9/2018 Public Hearing: 






10/9/2018 - Public Hearing - List and Copies of Written Comments

9/25/2018 and 10/9/2018 Public Hearings:


Notice of Public Hearing and Letter to Property Owners

City Council Hearing - First Reading - 9/25/2018 - Zoning and Planning Board Option B

City Council Hearing - First Reading - 9/25/2018 - Zoning Maps

City Council Hearings - 9/25/2018 and 10/9/2018 - Chapter 82, Shoreland Zoning Amendments

City Council Hearings - 9/25/2018 and 10/9/2018 - Shoreland Zoning Map Amendments

City Council Hearings - 9/25/2018 and 10/9/2018 - Chapter 66, General Provisions

City Council Hearings - 9/25/2018 - Marshall Power Point

8/15/2018 Public Hearing: 


Notice of 8/15/2018 Public Hearing

Notice to Property Owners of 8/15/2018 Public Hearing

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 102 (Zoning), Article IV (Description of Districts), Article V (District Regulations), and Article IX (Performance Standards)

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 102, Zoning, Article II, Administration

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 82, Shoreland Zoning

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 66, General Provisions

PowerPoint Presentation

6/5/2018 Public Hearing:

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Height Limit and Height Definition

4/17/2018 Public Hearing:

Notice of Public Hearing

Notice to Property Owners

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 102, Zoning

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 82, Shoreland Zoning

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 66, General Provisions (Definitions)

Proposed Amendments to Future Land Use Plan

Public Comment Received - 4/13/2018 through 4/17/2018

Public Comment Received - 4/10/2018 through 4/13/2018

Public Comment Received - 3/21/2018 through 4/9/2018

3/20/2018 Public Hearing:

Notice of 3/20/2018 Public Hearing
Memorandum Regarding Agenda Topics 10.A, 10.B, and 10.C at 3/20/2018 Belfast City Council Meeting

3/12/2018 Notice to Property Owners Regarding 3/20/2018 Public Hearing

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 102, Zoning

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 82, Shoreland Zoning

Proposed Amendments to City Code of Ordinances - Chapter 66, General Provisions (Definitions)

Proposed Amendments to Future Land Use Plan


Whole Oceans (Bucksport) Information Resources:

Maine Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit and Maine Waste Discharge License - Proposed Draft Permit


News Coverage:

"Belfast salmon farm developers clear a key hurdle" (6/14/2019 Bangor Daily News)

"New Nordic filings include release deeds from heirs for disputed property" (6/10/2019 The Republican Journal)

"Nordic Aquafarms selects construction managers for Belfast, Maine RAS" (6/7/2019 SeafoodSource)

"Nordic announces construction managers for salmon farm" (6/6/2019 The Republican Journal)

"Decoding a 1946 land sale agreement poses the latest twist in Belfast's fish farm fight" (5/17/2019 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms responds to legal challenge, asserts right to permits" (5/17/2019 SeafoodSource)

"Nordic Aquafarms: Maine salmon farm 'not toast' over intertidal zone dispute" (5/17/2019 Undercurrent News)

"Opponents accuse Nordic of misleading state, public" (5/14/2019 The Republican Journal)

"Salmon Farm Opponents Claim the Intertidal Zone" (5/9/2019 The Free Press)

"Lease challenge could threaten major new salmon farm on Maine coast" (5/8/2019 Portland Press Herald)

"Opponents to Nordic Aquafarms' RAS file objection to pipeline lease" (5/8/2019 SeafoodSource)

"Maine is running out of lobster bait.  Is salmon the answer?" (5/1/2019 National Geographic)

"Latest effort to derail a proposed fish farm in Belfast fails" (4/26/2019 Bangor Daily News)

"The debate over proposed Belfast fish farm takes a turn towards civility" (3/27/2019 Bangor Daily News)

"Meeting On Land-Based Salmon Farm In Belfast Draws Dozens Of Critics And Backers" (3/27/2019 Maine Public Radio)

"Proposed Belfast salmon farm to present requisite environmental protection plans to public" (3/26/2019 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"Proposed salmon farm still raising concerns for Belfast residents" (WCSH NBC Maine 3/26/2019)

"Public meeting on proposed Belfast salmon farm draws large crowd" (WABI CBS 5 3/26/2019)

"Committee pans controversial water bill; local vaccination opponents testify at public hearing" (3/22/2019 The Republican Journal)

"Backers of big salmon farm to meet with public in Belfast" (3/19/2019 Bangor Daily News)

"Maine rejects bill to increase regulation of land-based aquaculture operations" (3/14/2019 SalmonBusiness)

"Aquaculture wars: The perils and promise of Big Fish" (3/13/2019 The Christian Science Monitor)

"Change in law could give authorities more powers to close land-based aquaculture facilities" (3/12/2019 SalmonBusiness)

"Maine fish farm foes ask legislators to let agricultural commissioner kill projects" (3/1/2019 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms names CFO" (2/26/2019 The Republican Journal)

"Maine DEP asks Nordic Aquafarms for more information before issuing permits" (2/1/2019 SeafoodSource)

"No let up in fight against salmon farm" (1/31/2019 Pine Tree Watch)

"DEP backtracks on Nordic application, asks for proof of land rights" (1/30/2019 The Republican Journal)

"Salmon farm company offers money to conserve popular Belfast trail" (1/16/2019 Bangor Daily News)

"New year, new conflicts for Belfast's proposed land-based salmon farm" (1/04/2019 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms continues to engage public, deal with negative press" (12/7/2018 Undercurrent News)

"A planned salmon farm, which would be among the world's largest, raises hopes and fears Maine" (12/6/2018 Boston Globe)

"Nordic Aquafarms opens office near site of future salmon RAS facility in Maine" (12/6/2018 SeafoodSource)

"Nordic skeptics, supporters come out for 'community dialogue' about controversial fish farm" (11/29/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms plans to highlight local production in marketing of Maine-based salmon RAS" (11/6/2018 SeafoodSource)

"RAS pioneer Urup didn't intend to provoke fight with Nordic Aquafarms" (11/6/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Nordic Aquafarms releases discharge estimates for salmon farm" (10/5/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Nordic Aquafarms $150M project faces key test in Belfast's Tuesday elections" (11/1/2018 Mainebiz)

"Indoor Salmon Farm's Future Hinges On Whether Supporters Retain Control Of Council In Election (10/31/2018 Maine Public)

"Opinion piece stokes fight between Nordic Aquafarms, RAS architect" (10/29/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Fish food study floated by salmon farm foes challenged as 'bad science'" (10/24/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"City Council to take final look at controversial salmon farm district" (10/16/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Midcoast Maine emerges as hub for launching land-based salmon-farm sector" (10/15/2018 Mainebiz)

"Nordic Aquafarms water discharge plan could set bar for salmon RAS farms" (10/12/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Nordic Aquafarms Releases Discharge Data for Proposed Salmon Farm in Belfast" (10/11/2018 The Free Press)

"Nordic Aquafarms issues notice of intent to file discharge application" (9/23/2018 The Republican Journal)

"The Future of Fish Farming May Be Indoors" (9/17/2018 Scientific American)

"Nordic Aquafarms heads to DEP with discharge application" (9/10/2018 Mainebiz)

"Belfast salmon farm to submit first DEP application in ‘next month or so’" (9/7/2018 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"Planning Board asks for more oversight in new Nordic Aquafarms zone" (9/6/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Proposed salmon farm acquires additional land in Belfast" (8/29/2018 Portland Press Herald)

"Nordic to expand Belfast salmon farm property" (8/28/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms buys more Belfast land for its land-based salmon farm" (8/28/2018 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"Nordic Aquafarms acquires additional land" (8/28/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Belfast salmon farm can complement Maine's seafood industry" (8/27/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"City of Belfast, Water District, Nordic Aquafarms Inc. respond to lawsuit against them" (8/27/2018 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"OPINION: Here's how we came to hire Deloitte" (8/26/2018 The Republican Journal)

"CEO of Nordic Aquafarms outlines vision for Maine 'Little River' salmon" (8/20/2018 SalmonBusiness)

"Heim describes plan for Belfast salmon farm" (8/17/2018 VillageSoup (Knox County))

"Belfast residents file suit against city over salmon farm zoning process" (8/13/2018 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"Belfast residents challenge city zoning changes that enabled Nordic Aquafarms" (8/8/2018 SalmonBusiness)

"Neighbors sue city to restart process with salmon farm" (8/7/2018 The Republican Journal)

"US city’s report on coming RAS salmon farm: Challenges but Nordic up to task" (8/3/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Maine has an opportunity to be a global player in aquaculture" (8/1/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Salmon Farm Report" (7/31/2018 Somewhere in Waldo County)

"City-commissioned report gives thumbs up Nordic Aquafarms proposal" (7/30/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Deloitte issues 'due diligence' report on Nordic Aquafarms' $150M project in Belfast" (7/26/2018 Mainebiz)

"City of Belfast, Maine releases positive report on inland Nordic Aquafarm" (7/25/2018 SalmonBusiness)

"New Industry Promises to Bring 'Made in America' Label to Fish" (7/18/2018 Route Fifty)

"Norwegian salmon farm ready to begin Maine permit process" (7/12/2018 News Center Maine)

"Maine salmon farms can be models of sustainable aquaculture" (7/11/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms unveils preliminary RAS facility design, hires three US employees" (7/3/2018 SeafoodSource)

"Planned Salmon Farm Spurs Concerns in Belfast" (7/2018 Fishermen's Voice)

"Aquaculture Club" (7/2018 Portland Monthly)

"Nordic Aquafarms says RAS offers a cheaper way to add salmon farming capacity" (6/28/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Norwegian company behind Belfast salmon farm hires first two Mainers" (6/25/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Many Questions Still Unanswered About Belfast Salmon Farm Proposal (6/21/2018 The Free Press)

"Public discussion, debate, about salmon farm continues" (6/20/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Nordic Aquafarms announces new director of operations of land-based salmon farm in Belfast" (6/5/2018 SalmonBusiness)

"Belfast salmon farm moves forward" (6/4/2018 The Ellsworth American)

"Nordic Aquafarms begins staffing up for US salmon farm" (6/1/2018 Undercurrent News)

"The Big Weird World of Salmon Aquafood" (5/17/2018 The Free Press)

"Atlantic Sapphire surges on OTC days before stock moves to Oslo" (5/14/2018 Undercurrent News)

"How the world's second largest indoor salmon farm could take shape in Maine" (5/10/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms on track to start construction of land-based salmon farm in Belfast next year" (5/10/2018 Mainebiz)

"New Nordic Aquafarms Inc. takes shape in Maine" (5/10/2018 SalmonBusiness)

"Nordic Aquafarms' Maine RAS project almost has complete due diligence" (5/10/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Nordic Aquafarms Says Due Diligence Nearly complete on Belfast Site" (5/9/2018 Nordic Aquafarms news release)

"Nordic Aquafarms to pursue state, local approval for 40-acre salmon farm" (5/9/2018 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"Supporters and protesters come to public meeting for Belfast salmon farm" (5/9/2018 WABI CBS 5)

"Norwegian company moving forward with salmon farm in Belfast" (5/9/2018 WVFX Fox 22 and WVII ABC 7)

"Here’s an early look at what a giant Belfast salmon farm could look like" (5/7/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"With Erik Heim - The Man Behind Belfast's Really Big Fish Farm" (5/3/2018 The Free Press)

"Nordic Aquafarms gives peek at proposed salmon farm" (4/30/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Zoning change advances Nordic Aquafarms' $150M project in Belfast" (4/19/2018 Mainebiz)

"Belfast salmon farm clears first hurdle despite pleas to 'slow down'" (4/18/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Belfast council approves zoning for salmon farm, overriding calls to wait" (4/18/2018 Portland Press Herald)

"Giant Maine indoor salmon farm approaches first obstacle" (4/14/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms Update" (4/10/2018 Somewhere in Waldo County)

"Belfast Salmon Farm Starts the Long Journey to Becoming A Real Thing" (3/22/2018 The Free Press)

"Maine town begins zoning process to allow for Nordic Aquafarms’ farm" (3/22/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Land sale for potential $500M salmon farm subject of Belfast meeting" (3/15/2018 WABI CBS 5)

"Fish farm critics speak as city floats zoning changes" (3/13/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Land Based Salmon Plan in Belfast" (3/2018 Fishermen's Voice)

"Plan for giant Maine salmon farm spurs questions about water pollution, fish guts" (2/23/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Nordic Aquafarms meeting draws large crowd wanting to learn more about salmon farm" (2/23/2018 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"Belfast salmon farm not a done deal" (2/23/2018 The Republican Journal)

"US aquaculture industry still buzzing about Nordic’s Maine salmon farm" (2/22/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Nordic Aquafarms Holds Informational Session With The City Of Belfast" (2/21/2018 WABI CBS 5)

"Aquaculture project could lift status of US salmon farming" (2/20/2018 New Jersey Herald)

"City of Belfast to hold public informational meeting regarding Nordic Aquafarms Feb. 21" (2/13/2018 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"Maine’s taxes, townspeople might be attracting RAS" (2/12/2018 SalmonBusiness)

"City, Nordic Aquafarms to hold public Q&A session Feb. 21" (2/9/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Nordic Aquafarm Informational Meeting" (2/8/2018 Somewhere in Waldo County)

"How Belfast sweetened the deal to win a $150 million salmon farm" (2/7/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"More Atlantic salmon coming to Maine, but not from the sea" (2/7/2018 The Ellsworth American)

"Nordic Aquafarms to hold informational meeting Feb. 21 in Belfast" (2/7/2018 Penobscot Bay Pilot)

"Maine town to cover $240,000 of Nordic’s land-based salmon startup costs" (2/7/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Belfast to cover some costs of salmon farm development" (2/2/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Norway firm eyes Maine for major salmon farming operation" (2/1/2018 Chicago Tribune)

"World’s Second Largest Salmon Farm Planned for Belfast" (2/1/2018 The Free Press)

"Tanks a million: Maine strikes a deal for an onshore salmon farm" (2/1/2018 National Fisherman)

"One of the world’s largest land-based salmon farms to be built in Maine" (1/31/2018 SeafoodSource)

"Future US home of Nordic’s land-based salmon farm is city that refused to die" (1/31/2018 Undercurrent News)

"European company plans $150M salmon farm in Maine" (1/30/2018 Bangor Daily News)

"Norwegian aquaculture company plans to invest up to $500M in Belfast" (1/30/2018 Mainebiz)

"Norwegian Aquaculture Company to Build One of the World's Largest Land-based Salmon Farms in Belfast" (1/30/2018 Nordic Aquafarms news release)

"Norwegian company to build large, land-based salmon farm in Belfast" (1/30/2018 The Portland Press Herald)

"Norwegian company to build one of world's largest salmon farms in Belfast" (1/30/2018 The Republican Journal)

"Nordic Aquafarms is coming to Belfast" (1/30/2018 Somewhere in Waldo County)

"Nordic Aquafarms plans 33,000t land-based salmon farm in US" (1/30/2018 Undercurrent News)

"Nordic Aquafarms Facility to Create 60 High Skill Jobs In Belfast" (1/30/2018 WABI CBS 5) 

"Norway firm eyes Maine for major salmon farming operation" (1/30/2018 Washington Post)

"Norway firm plans $400 million land-based salmon farm in Belfast" (1/30/2018 The Working Waterfront)

"New land based salmon farm creates more jobs for Mainers" (1/30/2018 WFVX Fox 22 and WVII ABC 7)